COP24 under pressure to implement Paris Agreement

António Guterres speaking at COP24, Katowice (Photo: MFA Poland / Flickr)

In a context of global temperature increase, the Secretary–General of the United Nations António Guterres warns: “We cannot afford to fail in Katowice”

The 24th session of the Conference of the Parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC COP24) takes place from December 2 to December 14 in Katowice, Poland with the aim of finalizing the guidelines for the Paris Agreement implementation among the 195 signatory countries.

The Secretary-General of the United Nation António Guterres warned that COP24 cannot fail due to the acceleration trend of climate change. “I count on the dynamic leadership of Poland as an enormous broker, as a bridge builder and as a convener to help countries come together and find solutions for the points on which they are still divided. I also count on the conscience of all member states present that to come to an agreement is an absolute must.”

While climate change is running faster than predicted, the political will to fight it has faded.

According to Guterres, COP24 faces a paradox. On the one hand, climate change is running faster than predicted by policymakers and specialists. For example, natural disasters are becoming more and more dramatic, frequent and intense with terrible consequences for the population. One the other hand, the political will to fight climate changes has faded after the Paris Agreement.

The Paris Agreement came into force on November 4, 2016 after its adoption at COP21 and approval on December 12, 2015 in order to keep the global temperature increase well below 2°C above pre–industrial levels and furthermore pursue efforts to limit the rise to 1.5°C. “In Paris countries made commitments in relation to emissions [of greenhouse gases], but those commitments would not allow us to reach that goal of 1.5°C. There would be still an increase of 3°C, which of course would be catastrophic for the planet,” said the Secretary-General.

COP24 is taking place in the wake of alarming recent reports. On November 27, the United Nations Environment Program (UN Environment) launched the Emissions Gap Report 2018. The document indicates that “if the Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) ambitions are not increased before 2030, exceeding the 1.5°C goal can no longer be avoided”, mostly with the increase of CO2 emissions in 2017 after three years of stagnation. On October 8, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) approved the Global Warming of 1.5°C Report. The official paper points out that “human–induced warming reached approximately 1°C above pre–industrial levels in 2017”, with above the average warming in many regions and seasons around the world.

Andrzej Duda, COP24 Katowice, Poland (Photo: MFA Poland / Flickr)

At the COP24 opening the President of Poland Andrzej Duda presented the Solidarity and Just Transition Silesia Declaration. The declaration is one of three initiatives of the Polish Presidency of COP24 (The Driving Change Together Partnership for Electromobility and Zero Emission Transport and The Silesian Ministerial Declaration “Forests for Climate” being the other two), with the purpose of guaranteeing climate protection as well as economic development and job opportunities. “We wanted to demonstrate what is extremely important in the climate protection process on these three basic elements I have mentioned in the presentation that is technology, man and nature. All those three factors have to be taken into account”, affirmed the President of Poland. “So if you talk about climate protection, if you talk about creating better living conditions on our planet, we need to take a holistic point of view. And this is the Polish proposal precisely.”

COP24 also aims to conclude the Talanoa Dialogue launched at COP23 to assess the progress towards the Paris Agreement goals and inform the NDCs. In line with Guterres, COP24 is essential to transform ambition into reality with the approval of a work program for the Paris Agreement. “Katowice with Talanoa Dialogue will hopefully give strong impulse to that increasing ambition that we need in relation to the engagements that countries are assuming to defeat climate change. So we put a lot of hope in this COP,” highlighted the Secretary–General of the UN. “We need to do this based on a perspective that is linked to a fair view of globalization. A perspective that takes into account the vulnerability of certain areas of the globe that of course need stronger solidarity such as islands in the Pacific, islands in the Caribbean and areas in Africa that are facing huge desertification.”

COP24 is taking place ten years after COP14, which was hosted in Poznań, Poland. On the first day, the President of COP24 Michał Kurtyka and the Executive Secretary of UNFCCC Patricia Espinosa emphasized the urgency of finalizing the guidelines for the Paris Agreement implementation. “The Paris Conference in 2015 marked such a milestone with an unprecedented push and commitment to a truly global approach to solve the problem of climate change. We agreed that we all have to act, but the questions on how to do it remain on the table,” claimed Kurtyka. “This is a very important conference. It takes place also in a scenario where we have clear signals about the urgency with which we need to address issues of climate change. Effects that are affecting communities around the world, destruction in so many places and a lot of suffering from climate change just make our work more urgent,” stated Espinosa.

Marília Reinato Carrera

Marília Reinato Carrera is a Brazilian science journalist and researcher. She is a master’s student in Social Communication at Methodist University of São Paulo and a scholar of National Council for Scientific and Technological Development. She is also a member of the research group Humanitarian Journalism and Media Interventions.

Prof. Dr. Roberto Chiachiri is UNESCO/Methodist Chair of Communication for Regional Development as well as professor and researcher on communication and semiotic studies.

Would you like to share your thoughts?

Your email address will not be published.

Legal note

1.    Terms and Conditions

2.    Privacy Policy

3.    Cookies Policy


1.    Terms and Conditions

Contact data for the web owner

This website has been created by KATOIKOS to promote their products and services.

– Name: Katoikos, S.L

– Co. tax Code:  B87123162

– Address:  Calle Campomanes 10, 28013  Madrid (SPAIN)

Registration details: Registered in the Commercial Register of Madrid.

Intellectual and Industrial Property

The various elements of this page, and website as a whole, are protected by Spanish legislation on intellectual and industrial property. The trademarks, trade names or logos appearing on this website are the property of the company, or, where appropriate, of third parties, and are protected by Trademarks Law, and of which KATOIKOS holds the legitimate license.

The information provided may not be used for commercial or public purposes, or modified. If the user downloads materials for personal and non-commercial use, warnings shall be kept about copyright and trademarks. To download and use the company logo that appears on the website, prior authorization is required.

Any unauthorised use of the images may violate copyright laws, trademark laws, the laws of privacy and publicity, and communications regulations and statutes.

Liability for Damage

KATOIKOS assumes no liability for damages you may suffer when browsing the web or in the use of computer applications that are part of it. Neither are warranties given as to the correction of malfunctions or updating of content.

Content you share with us

We may include features on this website that allow you to share your content with us and other users of the site. Please note that by sharing content it may become publicly accessible. You grant to Katoikos a worldwide, non-exclusive, transferable, royalty-free, perpetual, irrevocable right and license, without compensation to you:

 (a) to use, reproduce, distribute, adapt (including without limitation edit, modify, translate, and reformat), derive, transmit, display and perform, publicly or otherwise, such content, in any media now known or hereafter developed, for Kaotikos’ business purposes, and

 (b) to sublicense the foregoing rights, through multiple tiers, to the maximum extent permitted by applicable law. The foregoing licenses shall survive any termination of your use of the site, as further described below.

For all of the content you share through the site, you represent and warrant that you have all rights necessary for you to grant these licenses, and that such content, and your provision or creation thereof through the site, complies with all applicable laws, rules, and regulations and does not infringe or otherwise violate the copyright, trademark, trade secret, privacy or other intellectual property or other rights of any third party, and is furthermore free from viruses and other malware.

Rules of Conduct

When using this website and/or sharing content with us, you are prohibited from posting or transmitting :

1. any unlawful, threatening, defamatory, racist, obscene, scandalous, deceptive, false, fraudulent, inflammatory or profane material or any material that could constitute or encourage conduct that would be considered a criminal offence, give rise to civil liability, or otherwise violate any law.
2. Any virus, worm, Trojan horse, Easter egg, time bomb, spyware or other computer code, file, or program that is harmful or invasive or may or is intended to damage or hijack the operation of, or to monitor the use of, any hardware, software or equipment;
3. Any unsolicited or unauthorized advertising, promotional materials, “junk mail,” “spam,” “chain letter,” “pyramid scheme” or investment opportunity, or any other form of solicitation; and
4. Any material non-public information about a person or a company without the proper authorization to do so.

In addition, you will not:

1. Use this website for any fraudulent or unlawful purpose;
2. Interfere with or disrupt the operation of the website or the servers or networks used to make the website available; or violate any requirements, procedures, policies or regulations of such networks;
3. Access or use this website through any technology or means other than those expressly designated by us.
4. Restrict or inhibit any other person from using this website (including by hacking or defacing any portion of the website);
5. Except as expressly permitted by applicable law, modify, adapt, translate, reverse engineer, decompile or disassemble any portion of this website.
6. Remove any copyright, trademark or other proprietary rights notice from this website.
7. Frame or mirror any part of the webiste without our express prior written consent;
8. Create a database by systematically downloading and storing all or any content;
9. Use any robot, spider, site search/retrieval application or other manual or automatic device to retrieve, index, “scrape,” “data mine” or in any way reproduce or circumvent the navigational structure or presentation of this website, without our express prior written consent.


Kaotikos  reserves the right to remove any messages or statements or cancel any links.

This site may include hyperlinks to other web sites that are not owned or controlled by Katoikos. Katoikos has no control over, and assumes no responsibility for, the content, privacy policies, security or practices of any third party websites.

Content may be hosted on YouTube or other social media. Those operate their own set of terms and conditions and privacy policy which are separate to the ones presented on this website. Katoikos no control over and assumes no responsibility for, the content, privacy policies, security or practices on YouTube or other social media.

 The right to terminate your access

Katoikos reserves the right to terminate your access to this website at any time if you do not comply with these Terms and Conditions or you infringe Kaotikos’ rights in the content provided on this website.

Governing Law

These Terms and Conditions are governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of Spain, without regard to its choice of law provisions.  You agree to the exclusive jurisdiction by the courts of Spain.

Changes to the Terms

Katoikos reserves the right to make changes to the Terms and Conditions from time to time. You acknowledge and agree that your continued access to or use of this website will constitute your acceptance of such changes.

2.    Privacy Policy

Kaotikos takes the protection of your personal data very seriously and collects, processes and uses your data only in accordance with the standards of the legal data protection regulations.

Data is collected, processed and used with technologyes of the provider web trends for marketing and optimisation purposes and also for sending news and information you may be interested in by any electronic services, such as email or SMS.

Our website user’s database is registered at the Spanish Agency of Data Protection. You have the rights of access, rectification, deletion and opposition, regulated in articles 14 to 16 of the LOPD.

For this, please write to:

KATOIKOS (Data Protection) Calle Campomanes 10, 28013, Madrid (SPAIN)

Or send an email to Your ID will be requested for these issues.

3.    Cookies Policy

This site, like many others, uses small files called cookies to help us customise your experience. Find out more about cookies and how you can control them.

This page contains information on what ‘cookies’ are, the cookies used by the Kaotikos’ website and how to switch cookies off in your browser.

If it does not provide the information you were looking for, or you have any further questions about the use of cookies on the Katoikos’s website, please email

What are ‘cookies’?

‘Cookies’ are small text files that are stored by the browser (for example, Internet Explorer or Safari) on your computer or mobile phone. They allow websites to store things like user preferences. You can think of cookies as providing a ‘memory’ for the website, so that it can recognise you when you come back and respond appropriately.

How does the Katoikos’s website use cookies?

A visit to a page on the Kaotikos’s website may generate the following type of cookies: Anonymous analytics cookies.

This website uses Google Analytics, a web analytics service provided by Google, Inc., a Delaware company whose main office is at 1600 Amphitheatre Parkway, Mountain View (California), CA 94043, USA (“Google”).

Google Analytics uses “cookies”, which are text files placed on your computer, to help the website analyze how users use the site. The information generated by the cookie about your use of the website (including your IP address) will be transmitted to and stored by Google on servers in the United States. Google will use this information on our behalf in order to track your use of the website, compiling reports on website activity and providing other services relating to website activity and internet usage. Google may also transfer this information to third parties where required to do so by law, or where such third parties process the information on Google’s behalf. Google will not associate your IP address with any other data held by Google.

Anonymous analytics cookies

Cookier Name Origin Aim End
__utma Google Analysis 2 years since set –up or update
__utmb Google Analysis 30 minutes since set –up or update
__utmc Google Analysis When browser sesión ends
_utmt Google Analysis 10 minutes since set –up or update
__utmz Google Analysis 6 months since set –up or update

How do I turn cookies off?

It is usually possible to stop your browser accepting cookies, or to stop it accepting cookies from a particular website. All modern browsers allow you to change your cookie settings. You can usually find these settings in the ‘options’ or ‘preferences’ menu of your browser. To understand these settings, the following links may be helpful, or you can use the ‘Help’ option in your browser for more details.

Cookie settings in Internet Explorer
Cookie settings in Firefox
Cookie settings in Chrome
Cookie settings in Safari web and iOS.


© 2020 Katoikos, all rights are reserved. Developed by eMutation | New Media

Become a
Being up to date with Europe only takes a few seconds.
Your information will never shared with a third party.
Get our periodical newsletter sent to your inbox!
I have read and agreed the Privacy Policy (required)
Become a
Being up to date with Europe only takes a few seconds.
Get our periodical newsletter sent to your inbox!
Your information will never shared with a third party.
I have read and agreed the Privacy Policy (required)